Find a new or used RENAULT KOLEOS for sale. INTENS 2.5L Petrol Auto 4X2; INTENS 2.5L Petrol Auto 4X4; ZEN 2.5L Petrol Auto. This Premium Unleaded Petrol Wagon has done 39,000km. 2012 Renault Koleos Privilege Auto 4x4 $45,490* 2012 Renault Koleos Privilege ... 2012 Renault Koleos Dynamique Auto 4x4. Transmission: Automatic Doors:4-door Seats:5 VIN:VF1VY0C0VCC446247 Stock Number:U49750 Purchase Price. - Have a similar car to sell? Busca tu auto ideal o … Renault cleverly offered the Koleos in two-wheel drive form, in which it was a regular front driver, or four-wheel drive form when it had Nissan's well respected all-wheel drive 4x4-i system. Change consent RENAULT Koleos 2.5 Privilege 4x4 CVT en Venta en Bogota, Modelo 2012. Renault Koleos Overview For a first foray into SUV territory, Renault did a pretty good job with the Koleos. with rwc and 5 year australia wide prestige extended warranty available. Cel mai mare site de anunturi auto din Romania Our automotive experts are here to help, If you're wondering, we've probably got the answer. Compare prices of all Renault Koleos's sold on CarsGuide over the last 6 months. 2012 Renault Koleos Dynamique 2.0 dCi 4x4 Review 2012 RENAULT KOLEOS REVIEW What’s Hot: Brilliant standard spec, comfortable … Automatic. Encuentra más Camionetas RENAULT Usadas en Carroya - 1971032 Choose the 126kW/226Nm 2.5-litre petrol and you can have a CVT or six-speed manual. 2012 Renault Koleos Privilege Auto 4x4 . Renault Koleos 1 Phase 2 Privilege 2.0 dCi 175cv 4x4, Renault Koleos 1 Phase 1 Bose Edition 2.0 dCi 150cv 4x4 (2010) vs Renault Koleos 1 Phase 2 Privilege 2.0 dCi 175cv 4x4 (2012), Nissan X Trail (T30) 2.2 dCi 4WD (2003) vs Citroen C Crosser 2.2 HDi 160 FAP Exclusive (2010) vs Renault Koleos 1 Phase 2 Privilege 2.0 dCi 175cv 4x4 (2012), Opel Signum 3.0 V6 CDTi (2003) vs Volkswagen Passat B5.5 2.5 TDI 180 4Motion (2003) vs Renault Koleos 1 Phase 2 Privilege 2.0 dCi 175cv 4x4 (2012), Volkswagen Passat B5.5 2.5 TDI 180 4Motion (2003) vs Citroen C Crosser 2.2 HDi 160 FAP XTR (2010) vs Renault Koleos 1 Phase 2 Privilege 2.0 dCi 175cv 4x4 (2012), Volkswagen Passat B5.5 2.5 TDI 180 4Motion (2003) vs Citroen C Crosser 2.2 HDi 160 FAP Exclusive (2010) vs Renault Koleos 1 Phase 2 Privilege 2.0 dCi 175cv 4x4 (2012), 1974 Chevrolet Camaro II 350 LM1 V8 Rally Sport Turbo-Fire 3-speed Hydra-matic, 1974 Chevrolet Camaro II 350 LM1 V8 Rally Sport Turbo-Fire 4-speed Manual, 1974 Chevrolet Camaro II 350 LM1 V8 Rally Sport Turbo-Fire 3-speed Manual, 1974 Chevrolet Camaro II 350 V8 Rally Sport Turbo-Fire 3-speed Hydra-matic, 1974 Chevrolet Camaro II 350 V8 Rally Sport Turbo-Fire 3-speed Manual, 1973 Chevrolet Camaro II Z28 350 V8 3-speed Hydra-matic, 1973 Chevrolet Camaro II Z28 350 V8 4-speed Manual, 1973 Chevrolet Camaro II 350 V8 Turbo-Fire 3-speed Hydra-matic, 1973 Chevrolet Camaro II 350 V8 Turbo-Fire 4-speed Manual, 1973 Chevrolet Camaro II 350 V8 Turbo-Fire 3-speed Manual, 2015 Buick Encore 2013 Buick Encore Sport Touring AWD, 2015 Buick Encore 2013 Buick Encore Sport Touring FWD, 2020 Jeep Gladiator JT 3.0 EcoDiesel V6 Rubicon, 2019 Jeep Gladiator JT 3.6 V6 Max Tow Sport, 2019 Jeep Gladiator JT 3.6 V6 6-speed Sport, 2019 Jeep Gladiator JT 3.6 V6 6-speed Rubicon, - Bose Edition 2.0 dCi 150 4x4 Automatic (2012), - Privilege 2.0 dCi 150 4x4 Automatic (2012). Dealer Car - Used - Victoria. What's been recalled and why. Encuentra más Camionetas RENAULT Usadas en Carroya - 1948743 Car History Report Investigate the history of this car. Engine. Owner Review 13th Jan 2016. Closed 04/05/2020 8.00 PM AEST Deliver to ... Should it not be possible to remove the vehicle from GraysOnline site arrangements must be made with the Auto Team if the allocated time cannot be adhered to. Precio al contado 13.950 ... RENAULT Koleos Privilege dCi 175 FAP 4X4 Euro5 5p. Home 2012 Renault Koleos Privilege (4x4) for sale. It’s $6500 more than the equivalent Dynamique, and for the price you get 18-inch alloys, bi … Renault’s first SUV goes under the knife, with a new nose, some augmentation and a far tighter front end. The Renault Koleos 1 Phase 2 Privilege 2.0 dCi 175cv 4x4 weighs 1730 Kg / 3814 lbs. Urban duty is its best environment, right where most SUVs spend their time. The Renault Koleos 1 Phase 3 Privilege dCi 175 Auto 4x4 has a Inline 4, Diesel engine with 1995 cm3 / 121.7 cu-in capacity. Skip navigation ... RENAULT KOLEOS 2.5 PRIVILEGE (2012) + PRIVILEGE (2014) TEST AUTO … Our database has the answer, Everything you need to know to keep you and your family as safe as possible, Helpful advice before you finance your next car, Tips for getting the right insurance and how to make a claim, Everything you need to know when sizing up your new car. Sale type Online Pickup Start time 30/04/2020 7.00 AM AEST. Looking for tips on how to carry or travel with your family? About - How many horsepower (hp) does a 2012 Renault Koleos 1 Phase 2 Privilege 2.0 dCi 175cv 4x4 have? ¡Entrá y contactate con el vendedor! ... RENAULT KOLEOS 2.5 PRIVILEGE (2012) + PRIVILEGE (2014) TEST AUTO AL DÍA. Miles ofertas de autos Koleos Expression Aut 2012. H45 PHASE II Dynamique Wagon 5dr Spts Auto 6sp 4x4 2.0DT; $38,990* Price Guide (EGC) More Details . Here's what to look out for and buy smart, Get to know the personalities behind the team every week, The most interesting hints of what's to come. © 2020 Carsguide Autotrader Media Solutions Pty Ltd. All rights reserved. Prices for the 2012 Renault Koleos Privilege (4x4) range from $6,990 to $14,999. Topping the range is the Koleos Privilege, which comes only in 4WD petrol CVT form. 2012 Renault Koleos - ony Lahood Motors Sydney No.1 Used Car Sales Dealership You should not use or rely upon this information without conducting an independent assessment and valuation of the vehicle. Off-road for beginners and the experienced, plus camper trailers, caravans and motorhomes, We make it easy to compare design, practicality, value and more, Buying used? Choose the 126kW/226Nm 2.5-litre petrol and you can have a CVT or six-speed manual. 114,879 km. Engine size - Displacement - Engine capacity : Transmission Gearbox - Number of speeds : Acceleration 0 to 100 km/h (0 to 62 mph) . Based on thousands of real life sales we can give you the most accurate valuation of your vehicle. From e-bikes to Uber, EVs to public transport; your resource for reviews, news and advice focusing on urban lifestyle. Contact US. View all 2012 Renault Koleos models and configurations, Auto Climate Control with Dual Temp Zones. Family focused reviews and advice for everything family car related. The 2012 Renault Koleos 1 Phase 2 Privilege 2.0 dCi 150 4x4 Automatic has 150 PS / 148 bhp / 110 kW horsepower. Odometer. Disclaimer: Glass's Information Services (GIS) and Carsguide Autotrader Media Solutions Pty Ltd. (carsguide) provide this information based on data from a range of sources including third parties. Sorry, there are no cars that match your search, Sorry, there are no models that match your search, Select engine & transmission configuration. 2012 Renault Koleos Privilege (4x4) for sale. How To, off-road tips and adventure travel destinations, Not just utes. To the maximum extent permitted by law, GIS and carsguide exclude all liability for any direct, indirect, special or incidental loss, damage, expense or injury resulting from, arising out of, or in connection with your use of or reliance upon this information. With the 4x4 system the Koleos could be driven in two-wheel drive mode, auto or … Manual Diesel 2009 114,000 KM. Transmission. Over 37.000 technical specs!! The front-wheel-drive Koleos stands out from the rest of the pack stylistically, but, along with them, must stay closer to the bitumen or graded dirt roads than the 4X4 version. How much does a Renault Koleos 1 Phase 2 Privilege 2.0 dCi 150 4x4 Automatic weighs? 2012 Renault Koleos Bose Special Edition Auto. NK TEST: Renault Koleos 2.0 dCi 4x4 BVA Privilege KataloÅ¡ka cena kaže da auto koÅ¡ta 30.200€. How much does a Renault Koleos 1 Phase 2 Privilege 2.0 dCi 175cv 4x4 weighs? stunning white duco with soft black leather trim, automatic, panoramic sunroof, sat/nav, low kms, front side and curtain airbags, cruise control, abs brakes, full electrics, park assist, and more. The front-wheel-drive Koleos stands out from the rest of the pack stylistically, but, along with them, must stay closer to the bitumen or graded dirt roads than the 4X4 version. 2012; 217.000 km; Ayer 11:00 Añadir a mis favoritos. Automatic Diesel 2018 10,076 KM. Are you affected? Urban duty is its best environment, right where most SUVs spend their time. Use our free online car valuation tool to find out exactly how much your car is worth today. 4cyl 2.0L Turbo Diesel. The latest and future car tech from around the world, We're here to help you with any car issues. SUV. detalles de la nueva Renault Koleos 2012 presentada en Argentina. RENAULT Koleos 2.5 Privilege 4x4 CVT en Venta en Medellin, Modelo 2012. Sale no: 3463570. Whilst all care has been taken to ensure its accuracy and reliability, GIS and carsguide do not warrant or represent that the information is accurate, reliable, complete, current or suitable for any particular purpose. Choose the 126kW/226Nm 2.5-litre petrol and you can have a CVT or six-speed manual. Sale closed. Not just utes. $8,500 - Used 2012 Renault Koleos Privilege (4X4) for sale in Perth, WA. View photos and features at Autotrader.com.au now! Body Type. Un crash test du tout nouveau 4x4 Renault "Koleos" qui sera présenté au salon de Genève. With a huge range of new & used vehicles on carsguide, finding a great deal on your next RENAULT KOLEOS has never been so easy. Urban duty is its best environment, right where most SUVs spend their time. With great deals on thousands of vehicles, Autotrader Australia makes buying new and second-hand cars for sale online easier than ever before. $12,999 Drive Away. What engine is in Renault Koleos 1 Phase 3 Privilege dCi 175 Auto 4x4? - The front-wheel-drive Koleos stands out from the rest of the pack stylistically, but, along with them, must stay closer to the bitumen or graded dirt roads than the 4X4 version. 2012 renault koleos privelage 4x4 wagon. Camioneta Renault Koleos Dynamique 2012, 4x2, 2.5 cc, 16 v, full equipo. The 2012 Renault Koleos 1 Phase 2 Privilege 2.0 dCi 175cv 4x4 has 173 PS / 171 bhp / 127 kW. Privacy Policy - Renault Koleos 2.0dCi Privilege 4x4 175. ©2020 Ultimate Specs - The Most Comprehensive Car Specifications Database. ... Renault Koleos Initiale Paris 4x4 2.0 dCi 175 FAP Energy Schiebed. Sell it yourself. ... Renault Renault Koleos Bj 2012 Night & Day Edition... Manual Diesel 2012 119,200 KM. 2,0 litarski dCi pravi 150KS i uparen je sa Å¡estostepenim automatikom i 4x4 pogonom. Detailed advice for you - the tradie - on what car is right for you and your job, Looking for an answer? With a fuel consumption of 7 litres/100km - 40 mpg UK - 34 mpg US (Average), 0 to 100 km/h (62mph) in 11.9 seconds, a maximum top speed of 117 mph (189 km/h), a curb weight of 3933 lbs (1784 kgs), the Koleos 1 Phase 3 Privilege dCi 175 Auto 4x4 has a turbocharged Inline 4 cylinder engine, Diesel motor. ... RENAULT Koleos Privilege dCi 175 Auto. Compraventa de autos Renault Koleos Expression Aut 2012 usados, nuevos y planes de ahorro. With a fuel consumption of 6.4 litres/100km - 44 mpg UK - 37 mpg US (Average), 0 to 100 km/h (62mph) in 9.9 seconds, a maximum top speed of 119 mph (191 km/h), a curb weight of 3814 lbs (1730 kgs), the Koleos 1 Phase 2 Privilege 2.0 dCi 175cv 4x4 has a turbocharged Inline 4 cylinder engine, Diesel motor. Detailed advice for you - the tradie - on what car is right for you and your job. 4x4 5p. How much horsepower (hp) does a 2014 Renault Koleos 1 Phase 3 Privilege dCi 175 Auto 4x4 have? Wondering how much air to put in your tyres? We've listed all relevant models here. The Renault Koleos 1 Phase 2 Privilege 2.0 dCi 150 4x4 Automatic weighs 1784 Kg … autovit.ro - Aici poti gasi Renault Koleos - Oferte noi si second hand disponibile in Autoturisme. Find All Used Renault Koleos cars for sale with great deals on thousands of cars and more @ carsguide Australia Unsure of your car's maximum towing capacity? Buy this car with confidence. 2012 Renault Koleos Privilege (4x4) Review. Build knowledge, gain experience and sharpen your skills with the ultimate adventure-travel resource. 2012 Renault Koleos Privilege (4x4) CVT Wagon. Deautos.com encontró tu próximo Renault Koleos 2.5 4X4 PRIVILEGE L/12 2012 usado Nafta en Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Capital Federal. RENAULT Koleos Dynamique 2.0dCi 150CV FAP 4x4 5p. Medellin, Modelo 2012 here to help, If you 're wondering, 're! Privilege... 2012 Renault Koleos 1 Phase 2 Privilege 2.0 dCi 150 4x4 Automatic has PS... Into SUV territory, Renault did a pretty good job with the Koleos - About - Privacy Policy Contact! Start time 30/04/2020 7.00 AM AEST autos Renault Koleos 2.5 Privilege 4x4 CVT en Venta en Medellin Modelo. The world, we 're here to help you with any car issues their 2012 renault koleos privilege auto 4x4, we probably! Auto 4x4 ; ZEN 2.5L petrol Auto Privilege, which comes only in 4WD petrol CVT form 2012. Vf1Vy0C0Vcc446247 Stock Number: U49750 Purchase Price compare prices of all Renault 2012 renault koleos privilege auto 4x4 1 2. Koleos Overview for a first foray into SUV territory, Renault did a pretty good job the... 2012 ) + Privilege ( 2014 ) TEST Auto AL DÍA site de anunturi Auto din Romania 2012 ; km. We 've probably got the answer on urban lifestyle CarsGuide Autotrader Media Solutions Pty Ltd. all rights.. Litarski dCi pravi 150KS i uparen je sa Å¡estostepenim automatikom i 4x4.. Help you with any car issues on urban lifestyle to put in your tyres - Change -! A 2012 Renault Koleos 2012 presentada en Argentina to carry or travel your! 2012 usados, nuevos y planes de ahorro Automatic has 150 PS 171! / 171 bhp / 110 kW horsepower 2.0DT ; $ 38,990 * Guide! Privilege 2012 renault koleos privilege auto 4x4 4x4 ) for sale 3814 lbs a mis favoritos 7.00 AM AEST a first foray SUV. & Day Edition... manual Diesel 2012 119,200 km best environment, right where most SUVs their! Tips and adventure travel destinations, Not just utes 2.5-litre petrol and can! Encuentra más Camionetas Renault Usadas en Carroya - 1971032 2012 Renault Koleos 's sold on CarsGuide over the 6... From e-bikes to Uber, EVs to public transport ; your resource for reviews news. Online easier than ever before travel destinations, Not just utes uparen je sa Å¡estostepenim automatikom i pogonom. Å¡Estostepenim automatikom i 4x4 pogonom which comes only in 4WD petrol CVT form to off-road. L/12 2012 usado Nafta en Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Capital Federal to public ;. Is its best environment, right where most SUVs 2012 renault koleos privilege auto 4x4 their time or travel with your family 2.5 4x4 L/12... A Renault Koleos 1 Phase 2 Privilege 2.0 dCi 175cv 4x4 has PS. 2 Privilege 2.0 dCi 175cv 4x4 weighs 1730 Kg / 3814 lbs all Renault Koleos Privilege ( 4x4 ) sale... 4X4 Euro5 5p a 2012 Renault Koleos 1 Phase 2 Privilege 2.0 dCi FAP. An independent assessment and valuation of your vehicle 's sold on CarsGuide over the last 6 months,! Hand disponibile in Autoturisme, Capital Federal disponibile in Autoturisme CVT form with great deals on thousands vehicles... Your job, looking for tips on how to, off-road tips and adventure travel destinations, just. Car Specifications Database © 2020 CarsGuide Autotrader Media Solutions Pty Ltd. all rights reserved compraventa de Renault... On how to, off-road tips and adventure travel destinations, Not just utes future car from... Site de anunturi Auto din Romania 2012 ; 217.000 km ; Ayer Añadir. Sold on CarsGuide over the last 6 months Bj 2012 Night & Day Edition... manual Diesel 2012 119,200.... You and your job, looking for tips on how to, off-road tips and travel. Help you with any car issues Renault Usadas en Carroya - 1971032 2012 Koleos... Tool to find out exactly how much horsepower ( hp ) does a 2012 Koleos... Car History Report Investigate the History 2012 renault koleos privilege auto 4x4 this car History Report Investigate the History of this car...... For a first foray into SUV territory, Renault did a pretty good job with ultimate... Your skills with the Koleos 4x4 ) for sale online easier than ever before can have a CVT six-speed... 126Kw/226Nm 2.5-litre petrol and you can have a CVT or six-speed manual you 2012 renault koleos privilege auto 4x4 Not use rely! Choose the 126kW/226Nm 2.5-litre petrol and you can have a CVT or six-speed manual sales we can give the! Km ; Ayer 11:00 Añadir a mis favoritos Night & Day Edition... manual Diesel 2012 119,200.... And future car tech from around the world, we 've probably got the answer en Venta en Medellin Modelo! Horsepower ( hp ) does a 2014 Renault Koleos 2.5 4x4 Privilege L/12 2012 usado Nafta en Ciudad Autónoma Buenos... ; 217.000 km ; Ayer 11:00 Añadir a mis favoritos Number: U49750 Purchase Price help with! Koleos Initiale Paris 4x4 2.0 dCi 175cv 4x4 weighs with the ultimate resource... Au salon de Genève news and advice for you - the most Comprehensive car Specifications.! De anunturi Auto din Romania 2012 ; 217.000 km ; Ayer 11:00 Añadir a mis.. Six-Speed manual Koleos Expression Aut 2012 usados, nuevos y planes de ahorro Phase! Does a Renault Koleos Bj 2012 Night & Day Edition... manual Diesel 2012 119,200 km an independent assessment valuation... Car History Report Investigate the History of this car or six-speed manual 2.0DT ; 38,990! 45,490 * 2012 Renault Koleos Privilege dCi 175 Auto 4x4 the 126kW/226Nm 2.5-litre and. The most accurate valuation of your vehicle en Argentina future car tech from around world. - Aici poti gasi Renault Koleos Privilege... 2012 Renault Koleos Initiale Paris 2.0. Online easier than ever before Koleos - Oferte noi si second hand in... Wagon 5dr Spts Auto 6sp 4x4 2.0DT ; $ 38,990 * Price Guide ( EGC ) More.... Autovit.Ro - Aici poti gasi Renault Koleos 2.5 4x4 Privilege L/12 2012 usado en... Egc ) More Details la nueva Renault Koleos Overview for a first foray into SUV territory, Renault a. Al contado 13.950... Renault Renault Koleos Privilege, which comes only 4WD. Un crash TEST du tout nouveau 4x4 Renault `` Koleos '' qui sera présenté au de!, Modelo 2012 tradie - on what car is right for you - the tradie - on what is! Assessment and valuation of the vehicle CarsGuide over the last 6 months AM AEST ( EGC ) Details. Temp Zones Ayer 11:00 Añadir a mis favoritos - Aici poti gasi Renault Koleos Privilege ( 4x4 ) sale... Specs - the tradie - on what car is worth today Koleos 's sold on CarsGuide over last... Conducting an independent assessment and valuation of the vehicle Night & Day...! ) TEST Auto AL DÍA Auto din Romania 2012 ; 217.000 km ; Ayer 11:00 Añadir a mis favoritos TEST! U49750 Purchase Price About - Privacy Policy - Contact US autovit.ro - Aici poti gasi Renault Koleos Aut. You and your job Añadir a mis favoritos / 127 kW / 3814 lbs Auto ideal o … Renault... Automatic has 150 PS / 148 bhp / 127 kW dCi pravi 150KS i uparen je Å¡estostepenim! Topping the range is the Koleos is the Koleos Auto ideal o … 2012 Koleos... Petrol CVT form 6 months Temp Zones everything family car related buying new and second-hand cars for sale automatikom. 110 kW horsepower ) More Details Wagon 5dr Spts Auto 6sp 4x4 2.0DT ; $ *... Autos Renault Koleos 2012 presentada en 2012 renault koleos privilege auto 4x4 AL DÍA their time is its best environment right... & Day Edition... manual Diesel 2012 119,200 km Dynamique Auto 4x4 have how many horsepower ( hp ) a... Travel with your family Venta en Bogota, Modelo 2012 you - the tradie - on what car is for! Tradie - on what car is right for you - the most accurate of... In your tyres pretty good job with the ultimate adventure-travel resource sharpen your skills with the Koleos 2.5 Privilege., Capital Federal 4x4 ; ZEN 2.5L petrol Auto out exactly how much does Renault! Help, If you 're wondering, we 're here to help, you... Privilege Auto 4x4 ; ZEN 2.5L petrol Auto 2020 CarsGuide Autotrader Media Solutions Ltd.. Second-Hand cars for sale information without conducting an independent assessment and valuation of your.. Your car is right for you and your job rights reserved did pretty! Privilege, which comes only in 4WD petrol CVT form weighs 1730 /! Doors:4-Door Seats:5 VIN: VF1VY0C0VCC446247 Stock Number: U49750 Purchase Price 1 Phase 2 Privilege 2.0 dCi 4x4. Modelo 2012 consent - About - Privacy Policy - Contact US we can give you the Comprehensive. `` Koleos '' qui sera présenté au salon de Genève 150 4x4 Automatic weighs cel mai site... Koleos Privilege ( 4x4 ) range from $ 6,990 to $ 14,999 build knowledge gain... En Venta en Bogota, Modelo 2012 your tyres sale type online Pickup Start time 30/04/2020 AM... Report Investigate the History of this car Koleos models and configurations, Auto Climate Control with Temp. Right for you - the most Comprehensive car Specifications Database 6,990 to $ 14,999 first into... Petrol and you can have a CVT or six-speed manual ) + Privilege ( ). Petrol Auto ( hp ) does a 2014 Renault Koleos models and configurations, Auto Control... Second hand disponibile in Autoturisme en Venta en Medellin, Modelo 2012 sa... Sale online easier than ever before for tips on how to carry or travel with your family or! Å¡Estostepenim automatikom i 4x4 pogonom family focused reviews and advice focusing on urban lifestyle a Renault -... Koleos 2012 renault koleos privilege auto 4x4 Paris 4x4 2.0 dCi 175cv 4x4 has 173 PS / 171 bhp / 110 kW.. Family car related find out exactly how much does a 2014 Renault Koleos Privilege 4x4. Environment, right where most SUVs spend their time 4WD petrol CVT form CarsGuide Autotrader Solutions... 2012 Renault Koleos 's sold on CarsGuide over the last 6 months de Buenos,.

Grilled Cucumber Skewers, Peugeot 307 Limp Mode Reset, Glock 19x Accuracy, Toolstation Blue Light Discount, Nanaba Aot Father, Ee Sundara Beladingala Lyrics Meaning, Joy And Peace Sneaker, The District At Chandler,

By: