In Western society, the individual rules. For me, the difference between western and eastern philosophy is that western philosophy is broad and covers more about religion, science and other rationalistic thinking. The most fundamental difference between Western philosophy and Eastern philosophies is that Western philosophies are largely reductionistic. They adopt each other’s merits like the education system, lifestyle and travelling or vacation. A comparison of culture and philosophy between Eastern and Western societies. Confucius said, "Education breeds confidence. True success means not giving up and working hard. Since time immemorial, education is estimated as the right road to progress and prosperity. ...EASTERN AND WESTERN PHILOSOPHY The subject of philosophy has always been divided along two lines of thinking – the eastern and the western. Learning is perceived as a life-long process in the Eastern tradition, rather than something you are finished with at some point in your life. But as the development, there are boundaries that restrict western and eastern cultures. Westerners put more stock in individual rights; Easterners in social responsibly. There is a lot to learn from both cultures. These differences can be noted mainly in people’s behavior and attitudes. "I think that from very early ages we [in America] see struggle as an indicator that you're just not very smart," observed Stigler. It is often suggested that contrasting Eastern vs. Western characteristics bring about significant overall differences between the culture and society of the East and of the West. Instead of giving up when presented with an impossible math problem, the students persisted and accepted that learning is a process. To use logic/reason is to draw conclusions that make sense based on a given body of information. Western philosophy is primarily rationalistic and intellectualistic with reason assuming more importance than matter making it scientific and outward looking. Western religions are found in the Americas and throughout Europe. Philosophy is not one branch of knowledge, it is actually four: 1 – Geometry and mathematics. 2. In the East, struggle is seen as part of the learning process. Eastern philosophy "speaks of a concern for education" (Ozmon and Craver, 2008, p. 105), while Western education is viewed as a means to an end, such as getting a job or for social advancement. And this has consequences for society, the workplace, family, even relationships. Eastern and Western philosophy by Bart Nooteboom 128. History of Western Philosophy Introduction Logic/Reason. Philosophy refers to the study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality, and the existence. East and West may have numerous differences based on culture. Hope breeds peace." Both have their advantages and disadvantages. Similarities in Eastern and Western Philosophy 635 of Western and Eastern philosophy as though they fall into two opposed groups, such that Eastern philosophy proceeds by intuition, the abstract and the alogical, while Western phi losophy proceeds by concepts, the concrete and the logical. Parents in South Korea seek out "cram schools" for their children, with the average South Korean family spending over ten percent of its income on such after-hour schools. Creativity The West often promotes the idea of individuality, personality and standing on ones own, which cultivates a … By Brian Yan 10C Conclusion Personally I like Eastern Philosophy more because of its different approach on viewing certain ideas and how you need both sides of an idea in the answer. For exaxmple i have learnt that Both have their advantages and disadvantages. This essay will cover two of the most common groups of massage modalities, Western and Eastern, and explain the overall benefits of massage, the similarities and differences of Western and Eastern massage techniques, and Western and Eastern philosophy of healing behind each one. East and West may have numerous differences based on culture. In the West, it is a sign of weakness or lower ability. Theme of the Short Story 'A Brief Moment in the Life of Angus Bethune', Four Examples of Irony in the Selection "The Ransom of Red Chief", The Relationship Between Pragmatism & Progressivism in Education, Typical Causes of Poor Behavior in the Classroom. Struggling with a math concept in class, for example, is simply an opportunity and not a sign of a possible learning disability or deficit. I remember when I was in school the teachers would put an emphasis on how you are either gifted or not. This highlights that the focus of education and philosophy is not identical. The secularism and neutrality of Western thought is a reaction to such … Major Differencies Between Eastern and Western Philosophies as the Basis for Adult Education. Eastern world is comprised of nations in Asia including the Middle East whereas Western world refers to North and South America, Europe, Australia and New Zealand. As Greek and Latin are to Western civilisation, so classical Chinese is to East Asian civilisation. Aside from this story, researchers have also found stark differences between the Eastern and Western learning styles. Confidence breeds hope. Western culture is recognized by any part of the world as a culture in Western Europe rather than America, not Australia, and not Eastern or Southern Europe. Struggle For Smarts? 2. Rugged Individualism. These concepts are a running thread through many eastern and western cultural differences. Philosophy and education can be viewed as two disciplines between which certain differences can be identified. How Eastern and Western Cultures Tackle Learning, In Hypercompetitive South Korea, Pressures Mount on Young Pupils, Western and Eastern Philosophy in Teaching, Major Differences Between Eastern and Western Philosophies As the Basis for Adult Education - The Singapore Experience, The Pros & Cons of Single Sex Classes in School. In another article there is a very well balanced examination of the differences between the East and West classroom which will give a little more insight into the subject. The commitment to the learning process and diligence in seeking knowledge are two characteristics that separate Eastern and Western learning philosophies. - analyze the conceptual foundations of Western and Eastern cultures. Ethics is a branch of philosophy, also known as moral philosophy. There are many styles of massage therapy. There is still a widespread inclination to think that there is an unbridgeable chasm between Eastern and Western philosophy. Moral education enjoys a special status in Japanese schools, for example, and permeates the daily activities of Japanese elementary and junior high school students. Interest in comparative philosophy is rapidly growing. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Struggling students were seen as failures. Eastern view adds to that the observation that A has future potentials. In other words, is the "struggle for smarts" only valued when it comes easy to a student; or is it perceived as a strength when a student persists despite lots of learning obstacles? "It's a sign of low ability - people who are smart don't struggle, they just naturally get it, that's our folk theory.". How Eastern and Western Cultures Tackle Learning describes the experience of Asian students compared with their U.S. counterparts as observed by psychologists specialized in learning. It has its roots in Athens, Rome and Judeo-Christianity, whereas Eastern philosophy is derived from Islam, … The rigid definition of A=A is a static and inflexible. Western philosophy is focused on the current actual state of object A. The main difference between eastern and western ethics is the fact that Western Ethics is about finding truth, whereas Eastern Ethics are very much about the protocol, and showing of 5 Cultural Differences between East and West 1. Western philosophy can be divided into Ancient Greek philosophy, medieval philosophy, modern philosophy and contemporary philosophy, while Eastern philosophy includes Chinese philosophy, Indian philosophy, Japanese philosophy etc. What Are the Effects of High School Students Not Finishing High School? Even though we can find many fundamental differences between all things Western and all things Eastern, "essentializing" Eastern philosophy, and therefore the "Eastern" people, as if they were one big block with a similar intellectual foundation, seems to me to be a remnant of Orientalism and doesn't correspond to reality. Lastly, we will reach a tentative conclusion about the links between culture and technical development, and likely consequences for both Eastern and Western societies. Eastern philosophy focuses on speculation and mysticism while Western philosophy focuses on material concerns. Moral Education. It helps humans deal with human morality and concepts such as good and evil, right and wrong, virtue and vice, justice and crime. It should be clear from the preceding discussion that there are some definite differences between the two education systems. In contrast, someone from a Western individualistic society such as the U.S., Canada or Australia, will generally be more likely to risk criticism or rejection when the goal is important enough. differences between the two education systems. It seems that the thrust of western philosophy is around success. Philosophy is not one branch of knowledge, it is actually four: 1 – Geometry and mathematics. 2. Differences between the philosophies of the east and westWestern philosophy has its roots in Athens, Rome and Judeo­Christianity while Eastern philosophy is derived from Confucianism, Taoism … Another interesting contrast involves the role of intellectual struggle. Eastern culture uses the spiritual and missionary approach of searching inside oneself for answers through meditation whereas western culture takes on a pragmatic and emotional approach in searching outside oneself through research and analysis. How Do Single Sex Schools Boost Self-Esteem. Both similarities and differences between Eastern and Western culture have been discussed. This, in turn, had an impact on how students behaved. In the West, with perhaps the exception of parochial and religious schools, the curriculum is almost invariably subject-specific. The study of the Eastern and Western ways of thinking provides us with a new way of understanding the differences between the two cultures and their influence. It's also important to avoid criticism, ridicule and rejection and to win approval and acceptance. The most often cited difference is that western philosophy is 'fragmentary' while eastern philosophy is 'holistic'. There are stark differences between the two educational approaches. An example of this is conflict and harmony, Western philosophy was built on the idea of difference and separation so they will not try and settle for common ground. Western education encourages people to pursue their true interests, producing a broad range of skills and areas of expertise. Although there is no precise definition or translation for the term "kiasu," it references competition or being afraid to lose out to others. The Comparison between Western and Eastern Education Philosophies It could not be denied that different places have their own different culture and background of the societies. Different educationists’ thoughts from both Eastern and Western side have explained the term ‘education’ according to the need of the hour. Eastern education, on the other hand, discourages the pursuit of learning that has no strictly practical purpose, And a Western bias still is that the East can learn from the West, rather than vice versa, and indeed is doing so, as is exhibited in the spread of technology, capitalism and democracy. For centuries, the Chinese viewed the child as a miniature adult who should behave according to the expectations of the adult world. In between the first two is a period called Hellenistic, during which the Jew thought, was blended with the Greek. Eastern world refers to countries in the Asia and Middle East whereas Western world refers to North and South America, Europe, Australia and New Zeeland. For example, in the … In this program, certified transcultural nurse Philip Yu Xu, Ph.D., RN, addresses major differences between Eastern and Western nursing so that RNs from China, Korea, India, the Philippines, and elsewhere can better acclimate themselves to the practice of medicine in American acute care settings. It helps humans deal with human morality and concepts such as good and evil, right and wrong, virtue and vice, justice and crime. 1. How do learning styles impact English lessons? The Buddhist notion of self circumvents reification, being an impermanent gestalt formed by the interaction of five skandha s or aggregates (form, feelings, perceptions, impulses, consciousness). In the West, it is a sign of weakness or lower ability. In the East, struggle is seen as part of the learning process. The Buddhist notion of self circumvents reification, being an impermanent gestalt formed by the interaction of five skandha s or aggregates (form, feelings, perceptions, impulses, consciousness). There are few similarities between Eastern religion and Western religion. Asian societies have generally been more focused on the needs of the group or the "collective" than Western ones, which means that conformity is important in Asian life. Reading, language skills, math and geography, for example, are taught separately and at specific times, with no ethical or moral components. Western philosophy has its roots in Athens, Rome and Judeo­Christianity while Eastern philosophy is derived from Confucianism, Taoism and Mahayana Buddhism. Tbh the idea of "Western" philosophy is a bit simplistic, considering that there are large cultural gaps between many different types of philosophy, and different eras of philosophy. Maybe, because of the differences, religion, cultural equations in some parts of the country, so the term appears. The distinction between Western and Eastern is of course somewhat arbitrary and artificial, and in some respects even misleading. Is it a sign of lower ability or an indication of a student’s determination? Achieving goals and making "progress" in the west is more important than traditional values, as in eastern philosophies. - evaluate possible future developments in our globalized world. Western education encourages people to pursue their true interests, producing a broad range of skills and areas of expertise. These differences can be noted mainly in people’s behavior and attitudes. Initially, the primary objective in the comparative study was to open a philosophical dialogue between East and West. Thesis Research: Moral Education in Japan; Implications for American Schools, Struggle for Smarts? In order to make sure that the coursework is on the track, the students is needed to collect the data from both western and eastern philosophy of education that been learned during the lecture in class. Aspect 1: Where Thinking Happens — Internally or Externally Both are different types of religion that have different customs which are followed in different parts of the world. The main difference between eastern and western ethics is the fact that Western Ethics is about finding truth, whereas Eastern Ethics are very much about the protocol, and showing of East and West may have myriad differences based on culture and education. Comparison Between Eastern and Western Philosophy Broadly, speaking, Western society strives to find and prove "the truth", while Eastern society accepts the truth as given and is more interested in finding the balance. There is still a widespread inclination to think that there is an unbridgeable chasm between Eastern and Western philosophy. Eastern culture bel… Overall, Eastern philosophy values education and views the learning process as a fundamental purpose of life. Eastern Students. She holds a Master of Arts in humanities from California State University, Dominguez Hills and a Master of Science in instructional design from Capella University. After 20 years of teaching in Australian schools, I taught in China for two years, and then also taught Chinese students in British Universities. Eppert and Wang (2008) noted in their book, Cross Cultural Studies in Curriculum: Eastern Thought, Educational Insights, a deep connection and inter-relationship between the East and the West. The main differences between the school of thought or the philosophies of the East and West are the West’s Individualism and the East’s Collectivism. Western philosophy is generally divided into three periods, Greek, Christian and modern. Nisbett points out that Western philosophers emphasised freedom and independence, whereas Eastern traditions like Taoism tended to focus on … Connection between East and West. Susie Zappia teaches humanities and research and writing courses online for several colleges. The view that A=A should also include P as potential. Similarities and differences in society. 1 Comparative Foundations of Eastern and Western Thought Daniel Memmi UQAM Montreal, QC, Canada memmi.daniel@uqam.ca Abstract: Modern science and technology originated in Western Europe within a specific culture, but they have now been adopted and developed by several Eastern countries as well. 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